The use and application of the 7 new quality control tools in the manufacturing sector: a global study

McDermott, Olivia
Antony, Jiju
Sony, Michael
Fernandes, Marcelo Machado
Koul, Rajesh
Doulatabadi, Mehran
McDermott, Olivia, Antony, Jiju, Sony, Michael, Fernandes, Marcelo Machado, Koul, Rajesh, & Doulatabadi, Mehran. (2023). The use and application of the 7 new quality control tools in the manufacturing sector: a global study. The TQM Journal, doi:10.1108/TQM-06-2022-0186
The main objective of this study is to investigate the 7 new quality control or the 7 new management tools and their use in manufacturing organisations. This research investigates the understanding, knowledge of the tools and the level of application of the tools within the manufacturing sector. In addition, this paper aims to identify the benefits, challenges and critical success factors (CSFs) for the application of the 7 new quality control (QC) tools. Design/methodology/approach ¿ An online survey instrument was developed, and data collection was performed utilising a stratified random sampling strategy. The primary strata/clusters were formed by quality professionals working in all aspects of manufacturing organisations and functions. A total of 86 participants from different countries responded to the survey. Findings ¿ The main finding of this study is that 10% of participants within the manufacturing sector perceived that the 7 new QC tools could solve above 80% of organisational problems. Another relevant finding presented in this paper is that tree diagrams were the most utilised of the 7 new QC tools within the manufacturing sector. The least utilised tools are arrow diagrams. The common benefits of using 7 new QC tools in the manufacturing sector are helping people define, measure and analyse the problem areas or even prioritises them and providing some form of structure to the problem-solving efforts. This paper also revealed that the 7 new QC tools were most used in the manufacturing area but least utilised in the new products and research and development (R&D) functions. This work also presents a list of CSFs and challenges required to properly apply the 7 new QC tools in the manufacturing sector. Research limitations/implications ¿ This study was just carried out in manufacturing organisations. It would be interesting to try and expand to services sectors and compare use within the services sector. Originality/value ¿ Authors understand that this is the very first empirical study analysing the use and understanding of the 7 new QC or management tools within the manufacturing sector. The results of this study represent an important first step towards a complete understanding of the applicability of these tools in continuous improvement programs on a global scale and the context in which they can be utilized.
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