Multiwavelength Observations of the VHE Blazar 1ES 2344+514

Lang, Mark
Gillanders, Gary
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V. A. Acciari, E. Aliu, T. Arlen, T. Aune, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, D. Boltuch, V. Bugaev, A. Cannon, L. Ciupik, P. Cogan, P. Colin, R. Dickherber, A. Falcone, S. J. Fegan, J. P. Finley, P. Fortin, L. F. Fortson, A. Furniss, D. Gall, G. H. Gillanders, J. Grube, R. Guenette, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, D. Horan, C. M. Hui, T. B. Humensky, A. Imran, P. Kaaret, N. Karlsson, M. Kertzman, D. Kieda, J. Kildea, A. Konopelko, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. LeBohec, G. Maier, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, D. Pandel, J. S. Perkins, A. Pichel, M. Pohl, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. T. Reynolds, H. J. Rose, M. Schroedter, G. H. Sembroski, A. W. Smith, D. Steele, S. P. Swordy, M. Theiling, J. A. Toner, A. Varlotta, V. V. Vassiliev, S. Vincent, R. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, J. E. Ward, T. C. Weekes, A. Weinstein, T. Weisgarber, D. A. Williams, S. Wissel, M. Wood, B. Zitzer(2011)Multiwavelength Observations of the VHE Blazar 1ES 2344+514,
Multiwavelength observations of the high-frequency-peaked blazar 1ES2344+514 were performed from 2007 October to 2008 January. The campaign represents the first contemporaneous data on the object at very high energy (VHE, E >100 GeV) {\gamma}-ray, X-ray, and UV energies. Observations with VERITAS in VHE {\gamma}-rays yield a strong detection of 20 {\sigma} with 633 excess events in a total exposure of 18.1 hours live-time. A strong VHE {\gamma}-ray flare on 2007 December 7 is measured at F(>300 GeV) = (6.76 \pm 0.62) \times 10-11 ph cm-2 s-1, corresponding to 48% of the Crab Nebula flux. Excluding this flaring episode, nightly variability at lower fluxes is observed with a time-averaged mean of F(>300 GeV) = (1.06 \pm 0.09) \times 10-11 ph cm-2 s-1 (7.6% of the Crab Nebula flux). The differential photon spectrum between 390 GeV and 8.3 TeV for the time-averaged observations excluding 2007 December 7 is well described by a power law with a photon index of {\Gamma} = 2.78 \pm 0.09stat \pm 0.15syst. Over the full period of VERITAS observations contemporaneous X-ray and UV data were taken with Swift and RXTE. The measured 2-10 keV flux ranged by a factor of ~7 during the campaign. On 2007 December 8 the highest ever observed X-ray flux from 1ES 2344+514 was measured by Swift XRT at a flux of F(2-10 keV) = (6.28 \pm 0.31) \times 10-11 erg cm-2 s-1. Evidence for a correlation between the X-ray flux and VHE {\gamma}-ray flux on nightly time-scales is indicated with a Pearson correlation coefficient of r = 0.60 \pm 0.11. Contemporaneous spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 1ES 2344+514 are presented for two distinct flux states. A one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model describes both SEDs using parameters consistent with previous SSC modeling of 1ES 2344+514 from non-contemporaneous observations.
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland