Publication

Two sides of the same coin: xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in host infection by the parasitic plantcuscuta

Olsen, Stian
Popper, Zoë A.
Krause, Kirsten
Citation
Olsen, Stian; Popper, Zoë A. Krause, Kirsten (2016). Two sides of the same coin: xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in host infection by the parasitic plantcuscuta. Plant Signaling & Behavior 11 (3),
Abstract
The holoparasitic angiosperm Cuscuta develops haustoria that enable it to feed on other plants. Recent findings corroborate the long-standing theory that cell wall modifications are required in order for the parasite to successfully infect a host, and further suggest that changes to xyloglucan through the activity of xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases (XTHs) are essential. On the other hand, XTH expression was also detected in resistant tomato upon an attack by Cuscuta, which suggests that both host and parasite use these enzymes in their "arms race." Here, we summarize existing data on the cell wall-modifying activities of XTHs during parasitization and present a model suggesting how XTHs might function to make the host's resources accessible to Cuscuta.
Funder
Publisher
Informa UK Limited
Publisher DOI
10.1080/15592324.2016.1145336
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland