An experimental and kinetic modeling study of the oxidation of hexane isomers: Developing consistent reaction rate rules for alkanes

Kuiwen, Zhang
Banyon, Colin
Burke, Ultan
Kukkadapu, Goutham
Wagnon, Scott W.
Mehl, Marco
Curran, Henry J.
Westbrook, Charles K.
Pitz, William J.
Zhang, Kuiwen, Banyon, Colin, Burke, Ultan, Kukkadapu, Goutham, Wagnon, Scott W., Mehl, Marco, Curran, Henry J., Westbrook, Charles K. , Pitz, William J. (2019). An experimental and kinetic modeling study of the oxidation of hexane isomers: Developing consistent reaction rate rules for alkanes. Combustion and Flame, 206, 123-137. doi:
Alkanes are key components in gasoline, jet and diesel fuels and considerably influence the combustion behavior of these fuels because of their wide range of reactivity. An improved understanding of their combustion behavior and the development of chemical kinetic models that can accurately simulate their combustion behavior are important for the development of next-generation internal-combustion and gas-turbine engines. The current work provides improved insight into oxidation mechanisms of a representative family of hydrocarbon fuels, specifically the hexane isomers: n-hexane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, 2,2-dimethylbutane and 2,3-dimethylbutane. These isomers provide carbon "skeletons" ranging from straight-chained to highly-branched and provide a framework for the subsequent development of kinetic mechanisms for larger alkanes. New ignition delay times for the four branched hexane isomers were measured in a high-pressure shock tube and in a rapid compression machine, both at stoichiometric conditions (phi= 1), p =15 bar and X-O2 = 21% over temperatures from 600 to1300 K. These data were combined with previously published measurements under the same conditions for the remaining n-hexane isomer to provide a complete body of experimental data for kinetic modeling analysis. In addition, very recent experimental measurements of individual intermediate chemical species concentrations from all five hexane isomers in a jet-stirred reactor are also included and provide another family of data for further assessment of hexane isomer reactivity. Different reactivities were observed for each hexane isomer in each experimental facility, resulting from differences in their molecular structures. Consistent reaction rate rules have been applied to develop a combined detailed chemical kinetic model for all five hexane isomers. Kinetic model validation studies are reported to show that the current model reproduces well the ignition delay times of all five alkane isomers, as well as their variations in reactivity over a wide range of temperatures and other operating conditions. Equally important, these results show that it is not necessary to have a separate, different kinetic model for each isomer of a family of alkane fuels and that a single, coherent, integrated set of reaction rate classes and rules is sufficient to accurately describe combustion rates of combustion of straight-chain n-alkanes and branched-chain alkane fuels. This suggests strongly that a single set of reaction classes and rate rules should be sufficient to describe combustion kinetics of alkane fuels of any size and degree of branching. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Combustion Institute.
Publisher DOI
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland