Publication

Patterns in weight reduction behaviour by weight status in schoolchildren

Kelly, Colette
Molcho, Michal
Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse
Citation
Kelly, Colette; Molcho, Michal; Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse (2009). Patterns in weight reduction behaviour by weight status in schoolchildren. Public Health Nutrition 13 (8), 1229-1236
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the relationships between weight reduction behaviour among non-overweight schoolchildren and dietary habits, perception of health, well-being and health complaints. Design: Analysis of the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey, a cross-sectional study involving schoolchildren aged 10-17 years. Setting: Schools in the Republic of Ireland. Results: The proportion of children (n 3599) engaged in weight reduction behaviour ('dieting' among non-overweight students) was 10.3%. Older children, females and those from higher social classes (SC) were more likely to report such behaviour. Non-overweight schoolchildren who reported weight reduction behaviour were less likely than those not engaged in such behaviour to frequently consume sweets, soft drinks, crisps and chips/fried potatoes (OR from 0.39 (95% CI 0.17, 0.89)) to 0.72 (95% CI 0.53, 0.99)); were more likely to consume diet soft drinks (OR 1.50 (95% CI 1.03, 2.18); and were more likely to miss breakfast during the week (OR 0.62 (95% CI 0.48, 0.80). The risk of subjective health complaints increased (OR from 1.47 (95% CI 1.13, 1.91) to 1.92 (95% CI 1.48, 2.49)); as did body dissatisfaction (OR 9.17 (95% CI 6.99, 12.02)), while perception of health and well-being decreased (OR 0.47 (95% CI 0.36, 0.61)) to 0.54 (95% CI 0.41, 0.70)). All analyses were controlled for age, gender and SC. Conclusions: Weight reduction behaviour among non-overweight schoolchildren is associated with considerable risk to physical health and emotional well-being. Since the risks associated with such behaviour varies by weight status, health professionals and researchers need to consider these issues in parallel.
Funder
Publisher
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Publisher DOI
10.1017/s1368980009992102
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland