Sodium hydroxide catalyzed monodispersed high surface area silica nanoparticles

Bhakta, Snehasis
Dixit, Chandra K
Bist, Itti
Jalil, Karim Abdel
Suib, Steven L
Rusling, James F
Bhakta, Snehasis; Dixit, Chandra K; Bist, Itti; Jalil, Karim Abdel; Suib, Steven L; Rusling, James F (2016). Sodium hydroxide catalyzed monodispersed high surface area silica nanoparticles. Materials Research Express 3 (7),
Understanding of the synthesis kinetics and our ability to modulate medium conditions allowed us to generate nanoparticles via an ultra-fast process. The synthesis medium is kept quite simple with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as precursor and 50% ethanol and sodium hydroxide catalyst. Synthesis is performed under gentle conditions at 20 degrees C for 20 min Long synthesis time and catalyst-associated drawbacks are most crucial in silica nanoparticle synthesis. We have addressed both these bottlenecks by replacing the conventional Stober catalyst, ammonium hydroxide, with sodium hydroxide. We have reduced the overall synthesis time from 20 to 1/3 h, similar to 60-fold decrease, and obtained highly monodispersed nanoparticles with 5-fold higher surface area than Stober particles. We have demonstrated that the developed NPs with similar to 3-fold higher silane can be used as efficient probes for biosensor applications.
IOP Publishing
Publisher DOI
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland