Publication

Roles of vertebrate smc5 in sister chromatid cohesion and homologous recombinational repair

Stephan, A. K.
Kliszczak, M.
Dodson, H.
Cooley, C.
Morrison, C. G.
Citation
Stephan, A. K. Kliszczak, M.; Dodson, H.; Cooley, C.; Morrison, C. G. (2011). Roles of vertebrate smc5 in sister chromatid cohesion and homologous recombinational repair. Molecular and Cellular Biology 31 (7), 1369-1381
Abstract
The structural maintenance of chromosomes (Smc) family members Smc5 and Smc6 are both essential in budding and fission yeasts. Yeast smc5/6 mutants are hypersensitive to DNA damage, and Smc5/6 is recruited to HO-induced double-strand breaks (DSBs), facilitating intersister chromatid recombinational repair. To determine the role of the vertebrate Smc5/6 complex during the normal cell cycle, we generated an Smc5-deficient chicken DT40 cell line using gene targeting. Surprisingly, Smc5(-) cells were viable, although they proliferated more slowly than controls and showed mitotic abnormalities. Smc5-deficient cells were sensitive to methyl methanesulfonate and ionizing radiation (IR) and showed increased chromosome aberration levels upon irradiation. Formation and resolution of Rad51 and gamma-H2AX foci after irradiation were altered in Smc5 mutants, suggesting defects in homologous recombinational (HR) repair of DNA damage. Ku70(-/-) Smc5(-) cells were more sensitive to IR than either single mutant, with Rad54(-/-) Smc5(-) cells being no more sensitive than Rad54(-/-) cells, consistent with an HR function for the vertebrate Smc5/6 complex. Although gene targeting occurred at wild-type levels, recombinational repair of induced double-strand breaks was reduced in Smc5(-) cells. Smc5 loss increased sister chromatid exchanges and sister chromatid separation distances in mitotic chromosomes. We conclude that Smc5/6 regulates recombinational repair by ensuring appropriate sister chromatid cohesion.
Funder
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publisher DOI
10.1128/mcb.00786-10
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland